Texas Hold'em, also known as Texas Holdem, is a variation of the card game of poker. This game consists of having two cards being dealt face down to each player. Five community cards are placed face-up by the dealer. The first series of three cards are revealed, this is called "the flop". An additional single card, "the turn" is revealed and the final additional card, "the river" is dealt. Players have the option to check, bet, raise or fold after each series of the deal. Betting may occur prior to the flop, "on the flop", "on the turn", and "on the river". Texas Hold'em is the "H" game featured in other variations of poker games such as H.O.R.S.E or H.O.S.E.
The objective in Texas Hold 'em, as in all variants of poker, is for the players to compete for an amount of money or chips contributed by the players themselves, called the "pot". Because the cards are dealt randomly and outside the control of the players, each player attempts to control the amount of money in the pot based either on the hand they are holding,or on their prediction as to what their opponents may be holding.
The game is divided into a series of hands; at the conclusion of each hand, the pot is typically awarded to one player, with an exception in which the pot is divided between more than one player, in the case of a "tie". A hand may end at the "showdown", in which case the remaining players compare their hands and the highest hand is awarded the pot; that highest hand is usually held by only one player, but can be held by more in the case of a tie, in which case it is called a "split pot". The other possibility for the conclusion of a hand occurs when all but one player has folded their hands and have thereby abandoned any claim to the pot, at that point, the pot is awarded to the player who has not folded.
Winning players objective is not to win every individual hand, but rather to make mathematically and psychologically correct decisions regarding when and how much to bet, raise, call or fold. By making such decisions, poker players can maximize their expected gain on each round of betting, thereby increasing their long-term winnings.
Texas Hold'Em is one of the most popular forms of poker. Its popularity surged in the 2000's mostly due to television exposure, the Internet playing and popular literature. Hold'em replaced Seven-card Stud as the most common game in U.S. casinos. There is No-Limit Hold'em and Limit Hold'em. The no-limit betting game is used in the widely televised World Series of Poker Main Event each year and the World Poker Tour (WPT).